These categories provided the basis for Lind’s later work on 4GW. The
advantage to Boyd’s categories is the ahistorical aspect — there is no
chain of causality.
Here are the categories:
- Attrition Warfare
— as practiced by the Emperor Napoleon, by all sides during the 19th
century and during World War I, by the Allies during World War II, and
by present-day nuclear planners.
- Maneuver Conflict
— as practiced by the Mongols, General Bonaparte, Confederate General
Stonewall Jackson, Union General Ulysses S. Grant, Hitler’s
Generals…and the Americans under Generals Patton and MacArthur.
- Moral Conflict
— as practiced by the Mongols, most Guerrilla Leaders, a very few
Counter-Guerrillas…and certain others from Sun Tzu to the present.
Boyd is a good starting point, but it is not sufficient.
Where does genocide warfare (aka primal warfare) fit in? It doesn’t in Boyd (or in Lind’s GMW). It has a place in XGW.
Boyd’s Moral warfare is a subset of Lind’s GMS’s 4GW. There is not hint of the tools available in XGW’s 4GW in Boyd or Lind. Check out Unrestricted Warfare for an idea of the possible scope (perhaps though Unrestricted Warfare should be consider something separate from 4GW).
Also, in Boyd there is no place for 5GW aka Secret War aka Invisible Warfare.
Note: I prefer the terms “categories” or “modes” to “grades”. I prefer all three to “generations”.
It might be a good idea to not just refer to 1GW, 2GW, etc. Instead, the first time a category of XGW is mentioned in a post, it should be as: 3GW aka Maneuver Warfare or as 3GW (Maneuver Warfare), or something like that.